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Consciousness and the Paranormal — Part 12



smcder

Paranormal Adept
Could the following sentence be written in better English and if so what is your improved version for it:
“The actual components (all their properties included) and the actual relations holding between them that concretely realise a system as a particular member of the class (kind) of composite unities to which it belongs by its organisation, constitute its structure.”
“The actual components (all their properties included) and the actual relations holding between them that concretely realise a system as a particular member of the class (kind) of composite unities to which it belongs by its organisation, constitute its structure.”

Can you provide context? It seems possible that: "actual" "concretely" "all their properties included" and, less likely, "by its organization" could be dropped:

"The structure of a system consists of the components and the relations between them that realize it as a particular member of the class of composite unities to which it belongs." (by its organization)
 
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From Robert D. Stolorow, World, Affectivity, Trauma: Heidegger and Post-Cartesian Psychoanalysis (Routledge, 2011)

POST-CARTESIAN PSYCHOANALYSIS AS PHENOMENOLOGICAL
CONTEXTUALISM


Extract:

". . . There has been a long-standing debate in psychoanalysis over the role
of cognitive insight versus affective attachment in the process of therapeutic
change. The terms of this debate are directly descended from Descartes's
philosophical dualism, which sectioned human experience into cognitive and
affective domains. Such artificial fracturing of human subjectivity is no
longer tenable in a post-Cartesian philosophical world. Cognition and affect,
thinking and feeling, interpreting and relating--these are separable only in
pathology, as can be seen in the case of Descartes himself, the profoundly
isolated man who created a doctrine of the isolated mind (see Gaukroger,
1995), of disembodied, unembedded, decontextualized cogito. . . ."


icpla.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Stolorow-R.-Post-Cartesian-Psychoanalysis-as-Phenomenlogical-Contextualism.pdf
 
This paper is very good in clarifying the nature of prereflective, pre-thetic, consciousness and its significance for philosophy, which has often been a challenging subject here:

SARA HEINÄMAA, MERLEAU-PONTY’S MODIFICATION OF PHENOMENOLOGY:
COGNITION, PASSION AND PHILOSOPHY

ABSTRACT. This paper problematizes the analogy that Hubert Dreyfus has presented between phenomenology and cognitive science. It argues that Dreyfus presents Merleau-Ponty’s modification of Husserl’s phenomenology in a misleading way. He ignores the idea of philosophy as a radical interrogation and self-responsibility that stems from Husserl’s work and recurs in Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology of Perception. The paper focuses on Merleau-Ponty’s understanding of the phenomenological reduction. It shows that his critical idea was not to restrict the scope of Husserl’s reductions but to study the conditions of possibility for the thetic acts. Merleau-Ponty argued, following Husserl’s texts, that the thetic acts rest on the basis of primordial pre-thetic experience. This layer of experience cannot, by its nature, be explicated or clarified, but it can be questioned and unveiled. This is the recurrent task of phenomenological philosophy, as Merleau-Ponty understands it.

Merleau-Ponty's modification of phenomenology: Cognition, passion and philosophy
 

Soupie

Paranormal Adept
"The structure of a system consists of the components and the relations between them that realize it as a particular member of the class of composite unities to which it belongs." (by its organization)
The structure of a system consists of the components and the relations between them, and they realize it as a member of a particular class of composite unities."

Could also make it two sentences.
 
"Emotions promote social interaction by synchronizing brain activity across individuals"

Lauri Nummenmaa, Enrico Glerean, Mikko Viinikainen, Iiro P. Jääskeläinen, Riitta Hari, and Mikko Sams

Brain Research Unit, O.V. Lounasmaa Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, and Advanced Magnetic Imaging Centre, School of Science, Aalto University, FI-00076, Aalto, Finland; and Turku PET Centre, FI-20521, Turku, Finland

Abstract: Sharing others’ emotional states may facilitate understanding their intentions and actions. Here we show that networks of brain areas “tick together” in participants who are viewing similar emotional events in a movie. Participants’ brain activity was measured with functional MRI while they watched movies depicting unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant emotions. After scanning, participants watched the movies again and continuously rated their experience of pleasantness–unpleasantness (i.e., valence) and of arousal–calmness.
Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to derive multisubject voxelwise similarity measures [intersubject correlations (ISCs)] of functional MRI data. Valence and arousal time series were used to predict the moment-to-moment ISCs computed using a17-s moving average. During movie viewing, participants’ brain activity was synchronized in lower- and higher-order sensory areas and in corticolimbic emotion circuits. Negative valence was associated with increased ISC in the emotion-processing network (thalamus, ventral striatum, insula) and in the default-mode network (precuneus, temporoparietal junction, medial prefrontal cortex, posterior superior temporal sulcus). High arousal was associated with increased ISC in the somatosensory cortices and visual and dorsal attention networks comprising the visual cortex, bilateral intraparietal sulci, and frontal eye fields. Seed-voxel–based correlation analysis confirmed that these sets of regions constitute dissociable, functional networks. We propose that negative valence synchronizes individuals’ brain areas supporting emotional sensations and understanding of another’s actions, whereas high arousal directs individuals’ attention to similar features of the environment. By enhancing the synchrony of brain activity across individuals, emotions may promote social interaction and facilitate interpersonal understanding."

synchronization | feeling | empathy | somatosensation


https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/early/2012/05/22/1206095109.full.pdf
 

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